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12 de jan de 2014

INGLÊS: UMA LÍNGUA CIENTÍFICA




Para os interessados em resgatar conhecimentos e avançar no domínio da língua inglesa como  "ferramenta" para acessar "sites" na área de meio ambiente, preparei uma apostila, toda em inglês (sem traduções), que pode ser acessada no  "link" abaixo.
Conteúdo:

MODULE I – BASIC ENGLISH REVIEW
MODULE II – SCIENTIFIC TEXTS

Nos textos há exercícios e testes, visando ao melhor preparo de candidatos a exames seletivos e proficiência na língua para cursos de pós-graduação.
Listas especiais são apresentadas, como:
 I) WORD LIST
Veja estes exemplos:
A a- (prefix): lacking in:  asymmetry, amoral.
About, on: about is used to talk about ordinary, more general things: ‘A book for children about Brazilian animals’. On suggests that a book, lecture a talk, etc. is serious or academic: ‘A lecture on forestry’.
 Absorption, adsorption: absorption is the process of taking up by capillary, osmotic, chemical, or solvent action; adsorption is the holding of something by the surface of a solid or liquid through physical or chemical forces .
Actually: really, in fact.[See FALSE FRIENDS]
Accuracy: degree of correctness of a measurement or a statement; do not confuse with precision; precision : degree of refinement with which a measurement is made or stated; do not confuse with accuracy ;e.g. the number 3.43 shows more precision than 3.4, but it is not necessarily more accurate .
...
II) FALSE FRIENDS
Veja estes exemplos:
Actual (adj.) / Actually (adv.): real, existing in fact / really: ‘The actual cost was much higher than we had expected’ / ‘The food was not actually all that expensive’.
Cargo (n.): the goods carried in a ship or plane/aircraft or other large vehicle. ‘The tanker spilled its cargo of oil’.
Casualty: a person who is killed or injured in war or in an accident.
Commodity: something that can be traded, bought or sold. Discrete (adj.): separate; distinct: ‘The organisms can be divided in discrete categories’.
Discreet (adj.): intentionally not attracting attention: ‘He’s always discreet about his successes’.
Discretion (n.): 1) The freedom or power to decide what should be done in a particular situation: ‘To tell the truth to terminally ill patients is left to the discretion of the doctor’. 2) Care in what you say or do: ‘This is confidential, but can I rely on your discretion’?
Eventual (adj.) and Eventually (adv.): happening at the end of a period of time or of a process: ‘War is possible to predict with the eventual lack of water in many parts of the world’. ‘The increasing emissions of CO2 will eventually cause global warming.
...
III) LATIN NAMES AND EXPRESSIONS
Veja estes exemplos:
addendum (pl. addenda): ‘thing that is to be added’ (addenda: ‘material added at the end of a book’).
ante meridiem (abbreviation a.m.): ‘before midday.
...

Acessar:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/zga38bb7m2azrja/ESL-April2013.pdf

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